January and February were demolition and construction months. In addition to the outside work, interior walls came down, floors were removed and the makeshift kitchen was installed in the living room — minus any water. We used the shower for dishes.
But, day by day, we could see the architect’s drawings coming alive in three dimensions.
- In 1965 when this photo of 1310 Olivia was taken, the aluminum-covered side porch was the original front entrance. The three front windows eventually became double doors opening onto the 420-square foot covered deck extension at the front. Note the circle vent at the roof peaks. We kept those.
- The old stockade fence was about to fall down.
- The six-foot stockade fence was old and decrepit.
- Original aluminum awning on side porch and original front porch.
- Once the stockade fence was removed, the house and front deck were visible from the street.
- Landscaping and several “junk” palms were removed to make way for the new kitchen, which replaces the front stoop at right.
- With the original aluminim awning removed, the front stoop is ready to become the new kitchen.
- A new kitchen replaced the old porch and a new roof line integrated the old and new additons.
- House is finally visible. We lost some privacy.
- The picket fence with sliding gate for parking fronts the re-designed front porch, new roof line and kitchen with its trellis.
Watching the dream in three dimensions
Built in 1953, 1310 Olivia was a simple, clean-lined concrete block structure. Essentially a rectangle with a double gabled, pitched metal roof, side porch as the main entrance and a small front extension that was the living room, the house was typical of mid-century houses built in The Meadows of Key West. The place had, as they say in renovation and design circles, potential.
We began with three goals:
- Get the fundamentals right. That meant bringing electric, plumbing, foundations and mechanics up to code. Sixty years of wear-and-tear, surreptitious DIY projects and lack of professional maintenance had taken their toll.
- Develop an overall architectural style that would weave together the inside and outside hodgepodge into a seamless design;
- Do it right. That meant getting Historic Architecture Review Committee (HARC) approval and following to the letter the city codes.
We needed a controlling design philosophy. Ed and I have bought, sold and renovated or remodeled five houses almost a dozen times over 30 years. Despite our very different personal design and architectural preferences (I lean to Zen contemporary; he leans rustic cabin), we’ve developed our “couple style.”
It suits us both: The clean, straight lines of Shaker; the blend of wood, curved arches and substantial coziness of the Arts and Crafts bungalow; the geometry and interplay of light and shadows of Frank Lloyd Wright; the serenity of the ocean shoreline when the skies go gray and the sunlight bounces off white clouds; and the bold, primary colors of Oaxaca, Mexico.
This was our design philosophy: A Frank Lloyd Wright-inspired, retro-modern bungalow that meshes with the historic Meadows neighborhood and incorporates a pinch of Zen and a hint of the prairie.
Not a word of that sounds like Old Town Key West with its Conch cottages and Victorian and Queen Anne masterpieces. It’s not even close to the contemporary, stereotypical Florida “look.” Architect Matthew Stratton and general contractor Roger Townsend of Townsend Development and Construction, Inc. took up the challenge.
Much of The Meadows, which once supported the U.S. Army’s horses, cows and assorted food sources, became prime residential building lots after World War II. Within a 10 minute walk to Duval Street and the Seaport, The Meadows neighborhood is home to long-time and year-round residents. Lots are generally larger than in Old Town and streets wider. The older Meadows’ architecture includes the same Conch cottages, Craftsman bungalows, eyebrows and Victorian ladies as Old Town.
A building boom in the 1950s introduced nondescript concrete block structures to The Meadows. Similar rectangular homes are found extensively outside Old Town Key West, and to many they are the quintessential “Florida look”: simple, functional and often colorfully painted with Bahama shutters and aluminum awnings. The challenge with this style in Old Town and The Meadows is that it simply doesn’t always “play nicely” with the neighboring architecture.
1310 Olivia definitely didn’t play nicely. The 420-foot covered deck added somewhere during subsequent decades appeared to have been “stuck on” like an afterthought adding to the hodgepodge feeling. The barrier-like stockade fence hid the house and gardens and made the property feel cramped — not secluded and private.
But the bones were good. Very good. With more than 3,700 square feet of land, the property was huge by Key West standards. The house at 920 square feet had two bedrooms, two full bathrooms and a decent-size living area that opened into a functional kitchen. The flow was good, the structure was sound — and no matter its cosmetics, that covered front deck was an awesome outdoor living space with french doors that opened from the living room. A 200-square foot deck at the rear of the house provided another outdoor space. Ditto with the large swimming pool and surrounding patio.
First, the stockade fence came down, to be replaced by the ubiquitous Key West white picket. No Frank Lloyd Wright house ever had a picket fence, but in Key West it’s the only reasonable — and HARC approved — choice. The new picket fence anchors the house to the neighborhood, the first step in playing nicely.
Then came the remaking of the covered front porch and the replacing of the aluminum awning-covered side porch.
The side porch has been expanded, enclosed and remade into an 80-square-foot galley kitchen that opens onto a new patio next to the pool. From the outside, an Arts and Crafts-style column supports the traditional bungalow’s trellis across the front windows. The new addition will be stuccoed to match the original house finish.
Filled with light from the three bungalow-style windows facing the street and the glass side door and transom, the kitchen is a masterpiece in small space design. The kitchen is equipped with full-size, counter-depth appliances, including built-in dish washer, gas cook top, microwave and wall oven.
The covered front porch was designed by architect Stratton and custom-crafted by Dave Combs, owner of Custom Works Distinctive Carpentry. It was, perhaps, the project’s most difficult design challenge. Since the porch had been reconstructed in 2008 for safety reasons (it was sagging, disconnected from the house and in real danger of collapsing completely), we were not inclined to demolish it. That meant dealing with off-center and out of plumb construction — a major headache when the design called for symmetrical, perfectly aligned vertical and horizontal Frank Lloyd Wright- and Zen-inspired shapes.
But, when it was completed, the clean lines and geometry of Frank Lloyd Wright’s prairie designs are obvious in the open cutouts that face the street and side gardens. The fixed louvers and the slatted front feature wall reflect soothing Zen lines through which the Key West sun- and moon- light play across the interior.
We chose 42-inch high, cypress, tongue-in-groove bead board panels for interior and exterior walls. The walls provide privacy and solidity for the outdoor room while preserving the open-air feel. The bright white of the new porch blends with the trellis over the kitchen and with the exterior wood trim of the house. Landscaping later this spring will soften the edges and provide both color and symmetry, further integrating the house with each of its parts and the neighborhood.
Scalloped metal panels complete the front facing under the roof line. The panels add a touch of “jewelry” to the front facade, bringing in both a sense of retro-modern and, with their fish scale design, a reminder that Key West remains a fishing village at heart. Note, too, that we kept the circular vent found in the eves of the original 1953 house. We did, however, replace the wooden vent with a custom-crafted steel one, a concession to hurricanes as well as design ethic.
Today, the exterior renovation remains a work in progress. Still to come: new stucco and paint; landscaping and palm tree planting; completion of the side patio; repair of the back deck; and, installation of the back awning. Oh, and we have to get those appliances off the front porch and into the kitchen.
Linda Grist Cunningham is editor and proprietor of KeyWestWatch Media, a news and information, social media consulting company in Key West, FL. She can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
- The six-foot stockade fence was old and decrepit.
- The tall fence added privacy but also hid the house and made the space feel small.
- With the fence gone, the house is visible from the street.
- Concrete footers mean this fence isn’t going to sag.
- Concrete footers and 42-inch pickets replace the stockade.
- House is finally visible. We lost some privacy.
Trading privacy for an open, approachable fence
Key West and the Historic Architecture Review Committee (HARC) are hardliners on fences. Keep them short, white and picketed. No bricks, stucco or stockades in the Old Town historic areas.
There was one loophole if we’d wanted to keep the tall, stockade privacy fence: We could repair it. That would mean we could have repaired each of the sections, occasionally replacing the existing six-foot pickets with similar ones. But, we could not simply tear it down and replace it all at one time.
And, whether we repaired or replaced, we faced removal of trees, shrubs and one palm tree. Not only would we lose the privacy from the fence, but we’d lose the landscaping.
There were advantages to the tall fence, first among them the privacy from street traffic and noise — including the Conch Train, which makes it way past the house every hour or so in tourist season.
But the fence was also off-putting and, frankly, after living behind it for six months, we weren’t comfortable with the unfriendly feeling. Felt kinda like those “keep out; this means you” signs on a tree house.
The fence was in awful shape. Sagging, broken, held in place by ropes and boards. It was impossible to open the gate for the off-street parking.
So we opted to tear it down and replace it with a conventional, HARC-approved, 42-inch, white picket fence. complete with people gate and rolling car gate.
Concrete footers and hand-cut, pressure-treated fence posts and pickets are designed to withstand termites, wind, salt and occasional off-the-road damage.
And, let’s be honest, we loved the design of the new house. Seemed a shame to hide it behind a stockade fence.
Next: Key West renovation: The front porch.
- The six-foot stockade fence was old and decrepit.
- The 420-square-foot, covered porch is a wonderful space, but wasn’t architecturally incorporated into the main house.
- This view looking toward the stockade fence is taken from the aluminum-awning covered front stoop that will become the new kitchen.
- Original front porch. It was nice but lacked style and privacy.
Key West Renovation: The beginning
The house had the seven things on the top of our home buyers’ wish list: two bedrooms, two bathrooms, a pool, central air, off-street parking, enough outdoor space to buffer the neighbors and a great location in The Meadows.
We bought bank-owned 1310 Olivia St., Key West, in August 2008, just as the local real estate market went into free-fall after five years of insane speculation, flipping and fantasy pricing. Though the bottom came three years later, we purchased the property for about 50 percent of what it had been listed for two years earlier.
We saw potential in the nondescript, personality-deprived, concrete block rectangle built in 1953, but it needed some serious “lipstick” if it were to come into its own. Previous owners had tacked on porches and decks with little thought for architecture and design.
The house inside and out was a hodgepodge. For sure, it wasn’t the quintessential Key West cottage, nor did it want to be. Arts and Crafts bungalow? Maybe. Florida mid-century modern? Possibly. It was a blank slate and the bones were there.
Working with local architect Matthew Stratton, we spent three years developing the plans. We had full-time tenants in the house until we permanently relocated from Rockford, IL, to Key West in mid-2012. Demolition and construction of the project began Dec. 26, 2012.
These were our goals:
(1) Get the fundamentals right. That meant bringing electric, plumbing, foundations and mechanics up to code. Sixty years of wear-and-tear, surreptitious DIY projects and lack of professional maintenance had taken their toll.
(2) Develop an overall architectural style that would weave together the inside and outside hodgepodge into a seamless design;
(3) Do it right. That meant getting Historic Architecture Review Committee (HARC) approval and following to the letter the city codes.
This was our design philosophy:
A Frank Lloyd Wright-inspired, retro-modern-bungalow that meshes with the historic Meadows neighborhood and incorporates a pinch of Zen and a hint of the prairie.
Key West renovation: First to go, the decrepit stockade fence.
Gotta love your Key West neighbors; they’re only six inches away
Ker-flush. Gurgle. Clunk.
Ah, the sound of the neighbor’s toilet.
Or, how about skritch-scratch-purrrrr? The neighbor’s cat snuggles into the outside cubbyhole beside your bedroom door — and taunts your kitties into hissing killers in the middle of the night.
If one doesn’t want to share the neighbors’ lives, one ought not move to Key West — or Manhattan, for that matter. It’s an adjustment for lovers of open spaces and five-acre zoning, this living cheek-by-jowl in a place where six inches might be all that separates one’s kitchen window from the neighbor’s gas grill.
One can choose one’s house; one can’t choose the neighbors. So being surrounded by good ones — defined loosely as they don’t overly meddle or play the music like a bar scene — is a gift. We’ve got good neighbors (just making that clear in case they’re reading this.)
There are 4,411.8 people packed into each of Key West’s 5.9 square miles, making it one of the nation’s most densely populated cities. Compared to the aforementioned Manhattan with its 69,467.5 folks per square mile Key West is positively lonesome.
Even Rockford, IL, my previous hometown, a for-real city outside Chicago can only muster up 2,500 per square mile.
Which is why I’m amused by the ceaseless fussing over dogs barking, roosters crowing and cats wandering that makes for Key West conversation. Oh, and let’s not forget the parking wars complete with trash cans, saw horses, plastic deck chairs and boat trailers.
I mean, surely you knew Key West was a tiny, people-packed island when you moved here, right?
Thousands of ordinances, from litter, noise and parking to paint colors, tree trimming and fence heights, attempt — futility, I might add — to quell the mini-battles between neighbors. There’s always someone delighted to rat out a neighbor’s barking dog or “illegal” fence post. And, out come the hurt feelings, the city enforcers and occasionally, the lawsuits.
The best neighbors color inside the lines — most of them anyway — maintain their fences and wear earplugs. An iPod does wonders.
My favorite neighbor to whom I had apologized about our noisy renovation put it this way: “If it gets too bad, I take out my hearing aids. Can’t hear a thing without ’em.”
Bless you, neighbor. I’ll wash your car when the dust settles.
And, that marauding, night-visiting cat? Give him a treat and send him on his way. After all, we knew when we moved here we’d be sharing 5.9 square miles with 25,000 people. At least we don’t have skyscrapers.